Ancient Food

(Music playing) The heritage garden gives us a great platform
to discuss the story of agriculture in the Southwest, and also a lot of the plants that
the people living here seven to nine hundred years ago would have had available to them. To begin with, many people know that corn,
beans, and squash were a very important staple of the ancestral Pueblo diet, and here we
have four different varieties growing that represent flour corn for grinding, flint corn
for storage, sweet corn for eating right off the cob, and we’ve even got a popcorn that’s
good for flour and yes popcorn. You can grow a squash that is meant for winter
storage that’s going to have a tougher harder shell on it that you would harvest and store
back for you know most of the fall and well into the winter, but it could also be harvested
young and early, and eaten as a fresh zucchini like fruit. There is more than just one type of bean that
we learn about in this garden. They employed many different types of beans. We have what you would consider your common
bean, to a Lima bean, to even a wild bean growing here. So we make that nice link that many of our
plants that we consider crops and are growing today had wild ancestors that were domesticated
by people and traits were selected over time and now we have this suite of thousands of
varieties of beans, squash, and corn available to us. They had great opportunities for encouraging
other types of plants in the gardens to expand the diversity within their diet. (Music playing)

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